Epidemiological and Histological Profile of Cervical Cancer in Cameroon: About 2078 CasesReport as inadecuate




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Objective: To describe the epidemiological and histological aspects ofcervical cancer in Cameroon. Materials and Methods: It was a descriptiveretrospective study carried out over a period of 10 years 2005-2014, onmalignant tumors of the cervix observed at the laboratory of Anatomic Pathologyin four regions Center, Littoral, West, South-west. The studied parameterswere frequency, age, sex, localization, histological type and theimmuno-histochemical aspects. Results: A total of 2078 cases with an annualfrequency of 20.78 cases were registered; the peak was reached in 2010 with 304cases 14.62%. Cervical cancer was the main genital cancer affecting womenwith a percentage of 82.26%. The average age of the patients was 52.33 ± 12. 80years old, with extremes from 22 to 93 years old. The age group from 40 to 59had more than half of the cases, with 1094 cases 52.65%. The majorhistological types recorded were squamous cell cancer with 1687 cases 81.51%and adenocarcinoma with 269 cases 12.95%. Conclusion: Cervical cancer is thechief genital cancer affecting female genital organs. The predominanthistological types are squamous cell cancers.

KEYWORDS

Cancer, Cervix, Epidemiology, Histopathology, Cameroon

Cite this paper

Paul, E. , Charlotte, T. , Jules, O. , Godefroy, S. , Daniel, E. , Michelle, E. , Louis, E. and Alan, H. 2016 Epidemiological and Histological Profile of Cervical Cancer in Cameroon: About 2078 Cases. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 6, 232-239. doi: 10.4236-ojog.2016.64029.





Author: Engbang Ndamba Jean Paul1,2,3*, Tchente Nguefack Charlotte1,4, Owona Manga Léon Jules1, Simo Godefroy5, Essam Sime Jean Daniel6,

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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