A Sperm–Plasma β-N-Acetyl-D-Hexosaminidase Interacting with a Chitinolytic β-N-Acetyl-D-Hexosaminidase in Insect Molting FluidReport as inadecuate




A Sperm–Plasma β-N-Acetyl-D-Hexosaminidase Interacting with a Chitinolytic β-N-Acetyl-D-Hexosaminidase in Insect Molting Fluid - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Insects require molting fluids to shed the old cuticle during molting. β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase, known as Hex1, together with various chitinases, is responsible for degrading the chitin component of the old cuticle. This study showed that another β-N-acetyl-D-hexosaminidase, termed OfHex3, interacted with Hex1 and functioned in the molting fluid, although the homolog of OfHex3 was known as a sperm–plasma enzyme functioning in egg–sperm recognition. OfHex3 is an enzyme cloned from the insect Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis, which is one of the most destructive pests of maize. The enzymatic activity analysis indicated that OfHex3 was able to degrade chitooligosaccharides, but at a lower rate than that of OfHex1. Because OfHex3 did not have substrate inhibition, we deduced that the presence of OfHex3 might help OfHex1 relieve substrate inhibition during chitin degradation during molting. The expression patterns of OfHex3 during O. furnacalis development were studied by real-time PCR as well as western blot. The results showed that both gene transcription and protein translation levels of OfHex3 were up-regulated during larval–larval molting. The tissue-specific expression pattern analysis indicated that OfHex3 was mostly localized in the fat body and testis. All these data further supported that Hex3 was involved in molting as well as in fertilization. This study may help to understand the complexity of cuticle degradation during insect molting, and may provide a possible target for pest control.



Author: Mingbo Qu, Tian Liu, Peng Chen, Qing Yang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents