# A Multi-Strand Test for Assessing Year 4 Pupils’ Proficiency in Area Formulae

The objectives of this study are to developa multi-strand test for assessing Year Four pupils’ proficiency in area formulaeand to determine their levels of proficiency in the area formula of a square,rectangle and triangle, respectively. The researchers will employ across-sectional survey research design and cluster sampling will be used toselect a sample from a population of Year 4 pupils who are studying in allpublic schools in the state of Penang, Malaysia. However, at this stage of thestudy, the paper only reports the results of the pilot test involving a sampleof sixty- seven Year 4 pupils who have learned the area formulae from a publicprimary school in Penang. The results of the pilot test indicate that among thefive strands of proficiency in each of the area formulae, adaptive reasoningshows the highest percentage of pupils who are not proficient and among thethree area formulae, adaptive reasoning in the area formula of a triangle showsthe highest percentage of pupils who are not proficient. But, among the fivestrands of proficiency in the area formula of a square, rectangle and triangle,procedural fluency, conceptual understand- ing and productive disposition showthe highest percentage of pupils who are very proficient, respectively. Overall,the area formula of a rectangle shows the highest percentage of pupils who arevery proficient 59.7%. But, the area formula of a triangle shows the highestpercentage of pupils who are still not proficient 31.3%. The results of thepilot study seem to indicate that the multi- strand test is able to assess thelevels of proficiency in the area formula of a square, rectangle and triangle,respectively. The results imply that more attention should be given to thestrand of adaptive reasoning in the teaching, learning and assessment of thearea formulae in order to improve the pupils’ adaptive reasoning in the areaformulae.

KEYWORDS

Mathematical Proficiency, Area Formulae, Multi-Strand Test, Rectangle, Square: Triangle

Cite this paper

Meng, C. , Yew, W. , Lian, L. and Ie, W. 2016 A Multi-Strand Test for Assessing Year 4 Pupils’ Proficiency in Area Formulae. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 4, 14-19. doi: 10.4236-jss.2016.42003.

Author: Chew Cheng Meng*, Wun Thiam Yew, Lim Hooi Lian, Wong Sing Ie

Source: http://www.scirp.org/