Evolutionary History of Triticum petropavlovskyi Udacz. et Migusch. Inferred from the Sequences of the 3-Phosphoglycerate Kinase GeneReport as inadecuate




Evolutionary History of Triticum petropavlovskyi Udacz. et Migusch. Inferred from the Sequences of the 3-Phosphoglycerate Kinase Gene - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Single- and low-copy genes are less likely to be subject to concerted evolution. Thus, they are appropriate tools to study the origin and evolution of polyploidy plant taxa. The plastid 3-phosphoglycerate kinase gene Pgk-1 sequences from 44 accessions of Triticum and Aegilops, representing diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid wheats, were used to estimate the origin of Triticum petropavlovskyi. Our phylogenetic analysis was carried out on exon+intron, exon and intron sequences, using maximum likelihood, Bayesian inference and haplotype networking. We found the D genome sequences of Pgk-1 genes from T. petropavlovskyi are similar to the D genome orthologs in T. aestivum, while their relationship with Ae. tauschii is more distant. The A genome sequences of T. petropavlovskyi group with those of T. polonicum, but its Pgk-1 B genome sequences to some extent diverge from those of other species of Triticum. Our data do not support for the origin of T. petropavlovskyi either as an independent allopolyploidization event between Ae. tauschii and T. polonicum, or as a monomendelian mutation in T. aestivum. We suggest that T. petropavlovskyi originated via spontaneous introgression from T. polonicum into T. aestivum. The dating of this introgression indicates an age of 0.78 million years; a further mutation event concerning the B genome occurred 0.69 million years ago.



Author: Qian Chen , Hou-Yang Kang , Xing Fan, Yi Wang, Li-Na Sha, Hai-Qin Zhang, Mei-Yu Zhong, Li-Li Xu, Jian Zeng, Rui-Wu Yang, Li Zhang

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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