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Background: The prevalence of respiratory allergies is increasingworldwide, with important consequences especially for little children.Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of respiratoryallergies, such as rhinitis and asthma, and to point out the risk factors andtheir relationship with allergic diseases in a specific area of Northern Italy.Methods: 110 children, male and female, from our outpatient service forallergic children, between 3 and 17 years old, were examined. After a skinprick test and a nasal cytology, the written questionnaire of the InternationalStudy of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood was filled by parents together withtheir children. Results: 110 children were examined. 74% of children hadrhinitis and 71% asthma. 88 patients were allergic, grass pollen and house dustmite was the most frequent allergens. A family history of atopy, familybackground, geographic area, active and passive smoking and home pets wereassociated to allergies. Older children 6 - 15 years old had more oftenrhinitis associated with asthma and conjunctivitis as compared to younger. 21Children were also affected by non allergic rhinitis. Conclusions: Respiratoryallergies are widespread and associated to a low quality of life among littlechildren. Sensitization to Ragweed is increasing with important consequences.Rhinitis precedes the onset of asthmatic symptoms. Moreover non allergicrhinitis is increasing and frequently underdiagnosed.

KEYWORDS

Allergies, Environment, Asthma, Rhinitis

Cite this paper

Simoncini, D. , Peirolo, A. , Macchi, A. , Porcu, S. , Graziani, D. and Nespoli, L. 2015 Allergies in Children: What’s New?—A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 296-303. doi: 10.4236-ojped.2015.54045.





Author: Daniela Simoncini1*, Anna Peirolo1, Alberto Macchi2, Stefania Porcu1, Daniela Graziani1, Luigi Nespoli1

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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