Comparative Genome Sequence Analysis of Choristoneura occidentalis Freeman and C. rosaceana Harris Lepidoptera: Tortricidae AlphabaculovirusesReport as inadecuate




Comparative Genome Sequence Analysis of Choristoneura occidentalis Freeman and C. rosaceana Harris Lepidoptera: Tortricidae Alphabaculoviruses - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The complete genome sequences of Choristoneura occidentalis and C. rosaceana nucleopolyhedroviruses ChocNPV and ChroNPV, respectively Baculoviridae: Alphabaculovirus were determined and compared with each other and with those of other baculoviruses, including the genome of the closely related C. fumiferana NPV CfMNPV. The ChocNPV genome was 128,446 bp in length 1147 bp smaller than that of CfMNPV, had a G+C content of 50.1%, and contained 148 open reading frames ORFs. In comparison, the ChroNPV genome was 129,052 bp in length, had a G+C content of 48.6% and contained 149 ORFs. ChocNPV and ChroNPV shared 144 ORFs in common, and had a 77% sequence identity with each other and 96.5% and 77.8% sequence identity, respectively, with CfMNPV. Five homologous regions hrs, with sequence similarities to those of CfMNPV, were identified in ChocNPV, whereas the ChroNPV genome contained three hrs featuring up to 14 repeats. Both genomes encoded three inhibitors of apoptosis IAP-1, IAP-2, and IAP-3, as reported for CfMNPV, and the ChocNPV IAP-3 gene represented the most divergent functional region of this genome relative to CfMNPV. Two ORFs were unique to ChocNPV, and four were unique to ChroNPV. ChroNPV ORF chronpv38 is a eukaryotic initiation factor 5 eIF-5 homolog that has also been identified in the C. occidentalis granulovirus ChocGV and is believed to be the product of horizontal gene transfer from the host. Based on levels of sequence identity and phylogenetic analysis, both ChocNPV and ChroNPV fall within group I alphabaculoviruses, where ChocNPV appears to be more closely related to CfMNPV than does ChroNPV. Our analyses suggest that it may be appropriate to consider ChocNPV and CfMNPV as variants of the same virus species.



Author: David K. Thumbi, Catherine Béliveau, Michel Cusson, Renée Lapointe, Christopher J. Lucarotti

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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