Changing HIV Epidemic in North-Eastern India and Its Relationship with Development and Programmatic IndicatorsReport as inadecuate




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Background:Although there has been significant reduction in HIV prevalence and new HIVinfections in India, some of the low-moderate prevalence states have beenshowing long term increase in HIV prevalence and new HIV infections. Assam, astate in northeast India is one such low HIV prevalence state where HIVprevalence and new HIV infections have almost doubled in the last few years.This study examined the trend of HIV prevalence across districts-regions ofAssam and its association with developmental and program indicators. Materialsand Methods: A retrospective descriptive analysis of secondary data from theNational AIDS Control Program, Census of India-2011, and District LevelHousehold and Facility Survey-3 was conducted. The time period covered underthe secondary data analysis was 2007 to 2012. Correlation and Chi-square fortrend tests were also used in this paper. Results: During 2007 and 2012, HIVpositivity % increased relatively in North Assam 46.9% followed by SouthAssam 11.5% while there has been a relative decline in West Assam ﹣51.5%.Correlation analysis showed statistically significant association between HIVprevalence and female literacy, population using mobile phone, population usinginternet, women 15 - 49 years seeking treatment for any STI-RTI, proportionof brothel based FSWs, FSWs having



Author: Chiranjeev Bhattacharjya1*, Sangram Kishor Patel2, Samiran Panda3, Alok Kr. Deb3

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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