Urologic Pathologies of Child at OuagadougouReport as inadecuate




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Introduction: Urologic pathologies ofchildren are frequent. Urinary apparatus diseases occupy the third positionafter those of respiratory and digestive tracts in children. Objectives: Theobjective of this study was to investigate epidemiologic, diagnostic, andtherapeutic aspects of urologic pathologies of children in our hospital.Patients and Methods: This work is a descriptive and retrospective study fromJanuary 1st 2005 to December, 31st 2012 on children from 0 to 15 years oldadmitted and treated in Teaching Pediatric Hospital Charles de Gaulle for aurologic pathology. Results: In total, 711 patients had been registered with7.3 sex-ratio, an average age of 4 years old 0 - 15 years old. Malformativepathologies were represented by the majority 62.7%. They were mainly composedof peritoneovaginal canal pathology, posterior urethra valves PUV, and Pyeloureteral junction anomaly PUJA. Urolithiasis, infectious, and tumouralpathologies were second, third and fourth with 19.4%, 7.6% and 5.8% respectively.Surgical treatment was necessary for 83.2% of patients. A total nephrectomy hasbeen realized in 5 cases for PUJA with mute kidney. Some post-operativecomplications have been observed in 2.6% of operated patients. The globalmortality rate was 2.9% with Wilms’ tumor predominance in aetiology 58.8%.Conclusion: Urologic pathologies of children are dominated by urogenitalmalformations. The decreasing of their lethality is guided by a MU antenataldiagnosis and a personal qualification to improve the diagnosis and thetreatment.

KEYWORDS

Uropathy, Children, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment

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Ouédraogo, I. , Tapsoba, T. , Zaré, C. , Bandré, E. , Bernadette, B. , Ouédraogo, S. and Wandaogo, A. 2015 Urologic Pathologies of Child at Ouagadougou. Open Journal of Urology, 5, 172-177. doi: 10.4236-oju.2015.59027.





Author: Isso Ouédraogo1*, Toussaint Wendlamita Tapsoba1, Cyprien Zaré2, Emile Bandré1, Bernadette Bernadette1, Somkieta Francis Ouédr

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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