The Value of Support Group Participation in Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment among People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIVReport as inadecuate




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Advances in antiretroviral therapy for bothHuman Immunodeficiency Virus HIV treatment and prevention have increasedinterest in adherence to HIV treatment. This is because the individual patientand public health benefits of antiretroviral treatment ART greatlydepend on the extent to which people living with HIV PLHIV adhere to theprescribed daily dosing regimens. Studies have shown that nonadherence to ARTincreases drug resistance, morbidity and person-to-person HIV transmission.Public health experts are trying different innovations to enhance ARTadherence, including promoting support groups of PLHIV. The purpose of thisstudy was to determine the value of support group participation in enhancingART adherence. The study used a cross-sectional design to compare ARTadherence among PLHIV who participate in support group activities and those whodo not. Respondents were adults who were initiated on ART between January 1,2010 and December 31, 2012. Multistage probability sampling was used to selectstudy sites and respondents. Data was collected using a self-administeredquestionnaire from 1676 respondents between February and May 2014. Data wasanalyzed using STATA. Univariate analysis was carried out to generatedescriptive statistics, while Chi-square tests were used to examine if therewas an association between participation in support group activities andantiretroviral treatment adherence. ART adherence was self-reported by 745-78895% and 814-888 92% respondents who had ever and had never participated insupport group activities respectively. Among respondents who reportednonadherence to ART, 74-117 8% had never participated in support groupactivities compared to just 43-117 5% who participated in support groupactivities. These findings suggest that PLHIV who participate in support groupactivities are more likely to adhere to ART than those who do not participate.This implies that there is value in participating in support groups by PLHIV interms of ART adherence.

KEYWORDS

Support Groups, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Participation, Antiretroviral Therapy, Adherence

Cite this paper

Tumwikirize, S. , Torpey, K. , Adedokun, O. and Badru, T. 2015 The Value of Support Group Participation in Influencing Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment among People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV. World Journal of AIDS, 5, 189-198. doi: 10.4236-wja.2015.53022.





Author: Simpson Tumwikirize1*, Kwasi Torpey2, Oluwasanmi Adedokun2, Tilitope Badru2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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