Deformed Hexagonal Patterns in a Weakly Anisotropic SystemReport as inadecuate

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Abstract : For a two–dimensional model of pattern formation the interplay between a broken up down symmetry and a weakly broken rotational symmetry is investigated. Both symmetries may be broken, for instance, in chemical reactions with an applied electric field or in thermal convection of planarly aligned nematic liquid crystals. In a system with rotational symmetry and a broken up down symmetry hexagonal patterns are favored in a certain parameter range. With increasing values for the anisotropies, by keeping the up down symmetry broken, hexagons may be deformed to centered rectangular patterns. Hence, breaking both symmetries is an alternative mechanism leading to rectangular patterns. Finally, at larger values of the anisotropies a bifurcation to stripes takes place.

Author: Rainer Schmitz Walter Zimmermann



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