Comprehensive Gene Expression Profiling Reveals Synergistic Functional Networks in Cerebral Vessels after Hypertension or HypercholesterolemiaReport as inadecuate




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Atherosclerotic stenosis of cerebral arteries or intracranial large artery disease ICLAD is a major cause of stroke especially in Asians, Hispanics and Africans, but relatively little is known about gene expression changes in vessels at risk. This study compares comprehensive gene expression profiles in the middle cerebral artery MCA of New Zealand White rabbits exposed to two stroke risk factors i.e. hypertension and-or hypercholesterolemia, by the 2-Kidney-1-Clip method, or dietary supplementation with cholesterol. Microarray and Ingenuity Pathway Analyses of the MCA of the hypertensive rabbits showed up-regulated genes in networks containing the node molecules: UBC ubiquitin, P38 MAPK, ERK, NFkB, SERPINB2, MMP1 and APP amyloid precursor protein; and down-regulated genes related to MAPK, ERK 1-2, Akt, 26 s proteasome, histone H3 and UBC. The MCA of hypercholesterolemic rabbits showed differentially expressed genes that are surprisingly, linked to almost the same node molecules as the hypertensive rabbits, despite a relatively low percentage of ‘common genes’ 21 and 7% between the two conditions. Up-regulated common genes were related to: UBC, SERPINB2, TNF, HNF4A hepatocyte nuclear factor 4A and APP, and down-regulated genes, related to UBC. Increased HNF4A message and protein were verified in the aorta. Together, these findings reveal similar nodal molecules and gene pathways in cerebral vessels affected by hypertension or hypercholesterolemia, which could be a basis for synergistic action of risk factors in the pathogenesis of ICLAD.



Author: Wei-Yi Ong , Mary Pei-Ern Ng, Sau-Yeen Loke, Shalai Jin, Ya-Jun Wu, Kazuhiro Tanaka, Peter Tsun-Hon Wong

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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