The Prevalence of Attention-Deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder among Primary School Students in an Iranian Rural RegionReport as inadecuate




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Thisstudy investigated the prevalence of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorderADHD in a rural population in Birjand, south east Iran. The total populationof elementary students in this region was 3408. A random sample method selected1381 children 727 boys, and 654 girls; mean of age = 8.2 years, SD = 1.5years. Conners Rating Scales and Diagnostic and the Statistical Manual forMental Disorders DSM-IV-TR wereused for screening and diagnosis of ADHD. Ninety-nine students 7.2% of thestudents were identified as ADHD 10.3% of the boys and 3.7% of the girls.The combined ADHD subtype was the most prevalent 44%, hyperactive-impulsivesubtype was second 38%, and inattentive was third 17%. This subtype patternwas the same for boys, however, hyperactive-impulsive subtype more prevalent ingirls 63%. It seems that ADHD appears to be a common problem among primaryschool children in the rural Iran, and findings are similar but higher thanworld-wide ADHD prevalence estimates 5.3%. The present prevalence rate forADHD is closer to world-wide study estimates that are based on DSM-IV and International Classificationof Diseases ICD-10 criteria.

KEYWORDS

ADHD, ADHD Prevalence, Rural Region, Iran

Cite this paper

Alizadeh, H. , Armion, E. , Coolidge, F. , Flores, Z. & Sutton, C. 2015. The Prevalence of Attention-Deficit- Hyperactivity Disorder among Primary School Students in an Iranian Rural Region. Psychology, 6, 263-268. doi: 10.4236-psych.2015.63026.





Author: Hamid Alizadeh1, Esmaeel Armion2, Frederick L. Coolidge3*, Zaena D. Flores3, Courtney E. Sutton3

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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