Crystal Structure of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Fine PowderReport as inadecuate




Crystal Structure of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Fine Powder - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Various compositions of the system BaxSr1-xTiO3 BST have been elaborated both as fine powders and ceramic monoliths, usingthe co-precipitationroute within a warmed supersaturated solution of oxalic acid. The appropriatestoichiometry was determined from the mixtures of precisely titrated aqueoussolutions of cations chlorides SrCl2, BaCl2, and TiCl4.The reason of this process was to apply low sintering temperature in productionof BST samples with ultra-fine powders. These powders primarily calcined at850°C for 5 hr were used to elaborate ceramics after pellets sintering at1200°C during 8 hrs. Indeed, XRD patterns were confirmed that the samplesare a pure phase and a perovskite cubic structural type at x = 0, 0.5, 0.6. Whereas,x = 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1 showed a tetragonal phase. There is agreement betweenthe FTIR and XRD analysis, by the relation of the wave vector K and latticeconstant. It was deduced a stimulated relation between x and K. The resultsof TEM, they were clear that the lowest particle sizes investigated of BSTpowders nearly 36 - 50 nm.

KEYWORDS

Barium Strontium Titanate, Oxalate Co-Precipitation Method, X-Ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscope, Ultra-Fine Powder

Cite this paper

Mahmood, N. , Al-Shakarchi, E. , Elouadi, B. and Feaugas, X. 2015 Crystal Structure of BaxSr1-xTiO3 Fine Powder. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 70-77. doi: 10.4236-jmp.2015.61009.





Author: Natheer B. Mahmood1, Emad K. Al-Shakarchi1*, Brahim Elouadi2, Xavier Feaugas2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents