A Heterozygous Deletion Mutation in the Cardiac Sodium Channel Gene SCN5A with Loss- and Gain-of-Function Characteristics Manifests as Isolated Conduction Disease, without Signs of Brugada or Long QT SyndromeReport as inadecuate




A Heterozygous Deletion Mutation in the Cardiac Sodium Channel Gene SCN5A with Loss- and Gain-of-Function Characteristics Manifests as Isolated Conduction Disease, without Signs of Brugada or Long QT Syndrome - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

The SCN5A gene encodes for the α-subunit of the cardiac sodium channel NaV1.5, which is responsible for the rapid upstroke of the cardiac action potential. Mutations in this gene may lead to multiple life-threatening disorders of cardiac rhythm or are linked to structural cardiac defects. Here, we characterized a large family with a mutation in SCN5A presenting with an atrioventricular conduction disease and absence of Brugada syndrome.

Method and Results

In a large family with a high incidence of sudden cardiac deaths, a heterozygous SCN5A mutation p.1493delK with an autosomal dominant inheritance has been identified. Mutation carriers were devoid of any cardiac structural changes. Typical ECG findings were an increased P-wave duration, an AV-block I° and a prolonged QRS duration with an intraventricular conduction delay and no signs for Brugada syndrome. HEK293 cells transfected with 1493delK showed strongly 5-fold reduced Na+ currents with altered inactivation kinetics compared to wild-type channels. Immunocytochemical staining demonstrated strongly decreased expression of SCN5A 1493delK in the sarcolemma consistent with an intracellular trafficking defect and thereby a loss-of-function. In addition, SCN5A 1493delK channels that reached cell membrane showed gain-of-function aspects slowing of the fast inactivation, reduction in the relative fraction of channels that fast inactivate, hastening of the recovery from inactivation.

Conclusion

In a large family, congregation of a heterozygous SCN5A gene mutation p.1493delK predisposes for conduction slowing without evidence for Brugada syndrome due to a predominantly trafficking defect that reduces Na+ current and depolarization force.



Author: Sven Zumhagen , Marieke W. Veldkamp , Birgit Stallmeyer, Antonius Baartscheer, Lars Eckardt, Matthias Paul, Carol Ann Remme, Zahu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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