Brain 3-Mercaptopyruvate Sulfurtransferase 3MST: Cellular Localization and Downregulation after Acute StrokeReport as inadecuate




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3-Mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase 3MST is an important enzyme for the synthesis of hydrogen sulfide H2S in the brain. We present here data that indicate an exclusively localization of 3MST in astrocytes. Regional distribution of 3MST activities is even and unremarkable. Following permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion pMCAO, 3MST was down-regulated in both the cortex and striatum, but not in the corpus collosum. It appears that the down-regulation of astrocytic 3MST persisted in the presence of astrocytic proliferation due to gliosis. Our observations indicate that 3MST is probably not responsible for the increased production of H2S following pMCAO. Therefore, cystathionine ╬▓-synthase CBS, the alternative H2S producing enzyme in the CNS, remains as a more likely potential therapeutic target than 3MST in the treatment of acute stroke through inhibition of H2S production.



Author: Heng Zhao, Su-Jing Chan, Yee-Kong Ng, Peter T.-H. Wong

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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