Deciding to Urban-Migrate and Agricultural Development: Evidence from the Millennium Challenge Account MCC-Millennium Development Authority MiDA Intervention Zones, GhanaReport as inadecuate




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The decision to migrateinvolves both -push- and -pull- factors. Push factors force migrants out ofrural areas while pull factors attract rural folks to the urban areas. Theinformation set which displays the realities on the ground, if positive willmotivate a potential migrant to move to an urban area and vice versa. Movementof labour for agriculture in the rural areas decreases resources needed to helppromote the needed growth in the sector. With a sample size of 46,110 householdmembers from two batches about 3000 farmers-households for each batch ofselected farmers who enjoyed agricultural interventions technology, a probitmodel is estimated to find the factors that influence the decision tourban-migrate. In particular we discuss the question of whether the MiDAintervention through the training of farmers on various techniques-technologiesto be more productive, has had an impact on farmers’ as well as their householdmembers’ decision to urban-migrate. Generally, household, Farmer BasedOrganization and individual characteristics were considered in the model. Wefind that, farmers and their household members in the Southern Horticulturalbelt were less likely to migrate while those in the Northern Agricultural Zonewere more likely to migrate to the urban area. Education, households withreturned migrants, and remittances were positive in influencing the decision tourban-migrate. On the other hand, being self-employed and being married reducesthe probability that an individual will migrate. Generally, the differentialeconomic opportunities through the relative increased knowledge in the urbanareas remain a pull factor of labour resources of the undeveloped ruralagricultural sector. Bridging the gap between the expected income differentialof rural and urban areas resulting from differences in knowledge andopportunities will be the key to reducing this phenomenon as suggested by 4 and many other studies.

KEYWORDS

Migration, Intervention, Decision, Ghana, Agriculture

Cite this paper

Mochiah, E. , Osei, R. and Akoto, I. 2014 Deciding to Urban-Migrate and Agricultural Development: Evidence from the Millennium Challenge Account MCC-Millennium Development Authority MiDA Intervention Zones, Ghana. Modern Economy, 5, 1187-1207. doi: 10.4236-me.2014.513111.





Author: Eric Ekobor-Ackah Mochiah1, Robert Darko Osei2, Isaac Osei Akoto2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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