Relationship between Children’s Body Mass Index and Parents’ Obesity and Socioeconomic Status: A Multilevel Analysis Applied with Luxembourg DataReport as inadecuate




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Obesity in children is a health crisis because the problem is increasingin most developed countries. This study measures the relationship between bodymass index BMI of children aged 7 - 12 years residing in Luxembourg and theweight and socioeconomic status of their parents. The data used are from the2007 Socio-Economic Panel Liewen zu L?tzebuerg-European Union-Statistics onIncome and Living Conditions survey, which covers a population of approximately10,000 people. The study sample includes 775 children whose weight and heightwere recorded to calculate their BMI. The descriptive analysis with thesocioeconomic distribution of the children’s BMI and the multilevel logisticregression of the probability to be in overweight or obese were performed. Themean BMI of children was 17.4 kg-m2 for boys and girls. The prevalence ofoverweight was 21.2% including 3% who were obese. Weight status, educationallevel, physical activity, and eating habits of parents were associated with BMIin children. Furthermore, children of foreign nationality had 2.9 times morerisk to be overweight or obese than other children of Luxembourg nationalityOR = 2.90, 95%CI: 1.38 - 6.10. Children living in household with at least oneparent who was obese were 6.51 times more likely to be in overweight or obesecompared to those in household with both parents normal OR = 6.51, 95%CI: 2.48- 17.08. Overall, nationality and weight status of parents were the maindeterminants of children’s weight status. Promoting healthy diets and regularphysical activity and educating parents on the consequences of overweight andobesity on children’s health in adulthood are effective strategies to controloverweight and obesity.

KEYWORDS

BMI, Obesity, Children, Socioeconomic Status, Luxembourg

Cite this paper

Tchicaya, A. and Lorentz, N. 2014 Relationship between Children’s Body Mass Index and Parents’ Obesity and Socioeconomic Status: A Multilevel Analysis Applied with Luxembourg Data. Health, 6, 2322-2332. doi: 10.4236-health.2014.617267.





Author: Anastase Tchicaya, Nathalie Lorentz

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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