Assessing Vulnerability of Food Availability to Climate Change in Hai District, Kilimanjaro Region, TanzaniaReport as inadecuate




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Climate change has a large effect onagriculture sector and, consequently, on the food available for residents ofHai District and other regions of Tanzania. Based on four decades of climatedata, this study assessed the impacts of climate change and its potentialvulnerability on food availability in Hai District, Kilimanjaro region. Theresults from this study suggest an association between food crop production andvariation in climate temperature and rainfall in Hai District. Consideringthe aspect of rainfall and temperature, we demonstrate that rainfall andtemperature have significant relationship with maize and bean outputs. Therainfall had a strong positive association with maize and beans production andwhereas temperature had inverse relationship with maize and beans yields. Withthe annual loss $0.04 million and $0.01 million per year from cattle andgoats-sheep respectively and the additional annual loss of $29 million and$10.8 million from maize and bean crops respectively in Hai District duringyears of severe and prolonged droughts, our study highlighted how severedroughts can dramatically affect agriculture production and food security inthe area. To mitigate climate change and provide effective adaptation measures,it is imperative to develop a broader research framework, which integratesbio-physical and socioeconomic aspects of food systems which addresses itsvulnerability and thereby improve food security.

KEYWORDS

Climate, Food Availability, Rainfall, Temperature, Hai District, Kilimanjaro Region

Cite this paper

Lema, A. , Munishi, L. and Ndakidemi, P. 2014 Assessing Vulnerability of Food Availability to Climate Change in Hai District, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania. American Journal of Climate Change, 3, 261-271. doi: 10.4236-ajcc.2014.33025.





Author: Anza A. Lema1, Linus K. Munishi2*, Patrick A. Ndakidemi2

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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