Institutional Barriers of Low Carbon Development Planning in Indonesian Small CitiesReport as inadecuate




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Recently, building lowcarbon development pathway becomes a mandatory task for many big cities throughspatial planning. For a small city that still has many green areas, it assumedthat the mainstreaming process of low carbon development into spatial planningis easier. However, studies that explore planning challenges of small cities inbuilding a pathway of low carbon development is still limited. This study aimsto examine the mainstreaming process of low carbon development strategies intothe spatial planning through three case studies of Indonesian small cities. Thequantitative and qualitative data collected from the fieldwork in three smallcities: Kasongan, fromJuneto December 2010; Merauke, fromJuneto December 2011;and Sendawar, from January to June 2013. We argue that the small cities, whichassumed have main potential carbon storage, in fact, have also the extensivecarbon emission. They have the institutional barriers, including the limited knowledge on the economicopportunities of low carbon development, the lack of technicalcapacity of localgovernment in implementing low carbon planning process, and the inadequate datato support the planning method. The leadership of Mayor is crucial in openingthe barriers, but not to create the pathway yet. Therefore, we suggest that providingtechnical support of low carbon development, strengthening institutionalcapacity, and empowering the local community would optimize the mainstreamingprocess.

KEYWORDS

Low Carbon, Urban, Planning, Indonesia

Cite this paper

Simarmata, H. , Dimastanto, A. , Santoso, S. and Kalsuma, D. 2014 Institutional Barriers of Low Carbon Development Planning in Indonesian Small Cities. Low Carbon Economy, 5, 105-116. doi: 10.4236-lce.2014.53011.





Author: Hendricus Andy Simarmata, Adriadi Dimastanto, Soly Iman Santoso, Dharma Kalsuma

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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