Investigating the Effects of Food Available and Climatic Variables on the Animal Host Density of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Changsha, ChinaReport as inadecuate




Investigating the Effects of Food Available and Climatic Variables on the Animal Host Density of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome in Changsha, China - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Background

The transmission of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome HFRS is influenced by population dynamics of its main host, rodents. It is therefore important to better understand rodents’ characteristic in epidemic areas.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We examined the potential impact of food available and climatic variability on HFRS rodent host and developed forecasting models. Monthly rodent density of HFRS host and climate data in Changsha from January 2004 to December 2011 were obtained. Monthly normalized difference vegetation index NDVI and temperature vegetation dryness index TVDI for rice paddies were extracted from MODIS data. Cross-correlation analysis were carried out to explore correlation between climatic variables and food available with monthly rodent data. We used auto-regressive integrated moving average model with explanatory variables to examine the independent contribution of climatic variables and food supply to rodent density. The results indicated that relative rodent density of HFRS host was significantly correlated with monthly mean temperatures, monthly accumulative precipitation, TVDI and NDVI with lags of 1–6 months.

Conclusions-Significance

Food available plays a significant role in population fluctuations of HFRS host in Changsha. The model developed in this study has implications for HFRS control and prevention.



Author: Hong Xiao , Hai-Ning Liu , Li-Dong Gao , Cun-Rui Huang, Zhou Li, Xiao-Ling Lin, Bi-Yun Chen, Huai-Yu Tian

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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