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In Cameroon,despite extensive control efforts against HIV-AIDS, the number of new HIV infectionsis still on the rise. The factors contributing to this are not clearlyunderstood. We hypothesized that it may lie on people living with HIV PLHIV.In a case-control descriptive study, we studied the characteristics and sexualrisky behaviour of PLHIV in the North West Region of Cameroon which has thehighest HIV prevalence. Participants were screened for HIV and a structuredquestionnaire was used in data collection. An equivalent number 350 of PLHIVand controls who did not differ with respect to age and sex participated.Relative to the control, PLHIV were generally less educated P < 0.001,poorer and less privileged P < 0.001 with no stable source of income.Among participants that were once married, a greater proportion of PLHIV weredivorced OR = 5.23, P = 0.007, and widows OR = 2.73, P = 0.001. Amongparticipants that were single, a relatively greater proportion of PLHIVpracticed multi-partner sex OR = 4.55, P< 0.001. History of STDs washigher in PLHIV than the control OR = 1.88, P = 0.001. Out of 350 PLHIV, 28080% admitted to having had sexual intercourse after being diagnosed of whichonly 127 41.78% admitted to using condoms and 132 47.14% admitted to concealingtheir HIV status from their sexual partners. These findings have implicationsin HIV control programs which should target the poor and the less educated, aswell as the sexual behaviour of PLHIV, so as to reverse the current risingtrend of new infections in the country.



KEYWORDS

HIV-AIDS, STDs, Risk Factors, HIV Control, North West Region, Cameroon

Cite this paper

Kwenti, T. , Nsagha, D. , Kwenti, B. and Njunda, A. 2014 Sexual Risk Behaviours among People Living with HIV and Implications for Control in the North West Region of Cameroon. World Journal of AIDS, 4, 198-205. doi: 10.4236-wja.2014.42025.





Author: Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Bita Dizzle Tayong Kwenti, Anna Longdoh Njunda

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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