What will I be like at eighty How human values contribute to expected real and ideal self-images in old age in a Germanic-Austrian cultural contextReport as inadecuate




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According to Grawe’s Consistency Theory, congruence between anindividual’s aims and reality is fundamental for psychological health. We examinedthe real and ideal self-images of N =440 participants in a Germanic-Austrian cultural context as perceived inpresence and as anticipated for an age of 80 years and examined their relationshipto value orientations as a coping resource. From adjective ratings on theSemantic Differential for the real self-image at presence, two dimensions wereextracted, one representing Warmth W and one representing Competence Cin the sense of the Stereotype Content Model. Cluster analysis yielded one typeof respondents with a cautiously optimistic, and one with a moderatelypessimistic view of the present and the future. A third cluster devalued Wand C in favor of Religiosity and Conservatism and had the highest degree ofcongruence between real and ideal self-images. Thus, hypotheses with regardto Religiosity and Conservatism as coping resources were confirmed.

KEYWORDS

Old Age; Real vs Ideal Self-Image; Stereotype Content Model; Human Values; Consistency Theory

Cite this paper

Renner, W. , Jenull, B. and Strasser, I. 2014 What will I be like at eighty? How human values contribute to expected real and ideal self-images in old age in a Germanic-Austrian cultural context. Advances in Aging Research, 3, 35-42. doi: 10.4236-aar.2014.31007.





Author: Walter Renner, Brigitte Jenull, Irene Strasser

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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