A Gender-Based Analysis of High School Athletes Using Computerized Electrocardiogram MeasurementsReport as inadecuate




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Background

The addition of the ECG to the preparticipation examination PPE of high school athletes has been a topic for debate. Defining the difference between the high school male and female ECG is crucial to help initiate its implementation in the High School PPE. Establishing the different parameters set for the male and female ECG would help to reduce false positives. We examined the effect of gender on the high school athlete ECG by obtaining and analyzing ECG measurements of high school athletes from Henry M. Gunn High School.

Methods

In 2011 and 2012, computerized Electrocardiograms were recorded and analyzed on 181 athletes 52.5% male; mean age 16.1±1.1 years who participated in 17 different sports. ECG statistics included intervals and durations in all 3 axes X, Y, Z to calculate 12 lead voltage sums, QRS Amplitude, QT interval, QRS Duration, and the sum of the R wave in V5 and the S Wave in V2 RS Sum.

Results

By computer analysis, we demonstrated that male athletes had significantly greater QRS duration, Q-wave duration, and T wave amplitude. P<0.05. By contrast, female athletes had a significantly greater QTc interval. P<0.05.

Conclusion

The differences in ECG measurements in high school athletes are strongly associated with gender. However, body size does not correlate with the aforementioned ECG measurements. Our tables of the gender-specific parameters can help facilitate the development of a more large scale and in-depth ECG analysis for screening high school athletes in the future.



Author: Nikhil Kumar , Divya Saini, Victor Froelicher

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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