Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Deficiencies and Health Issues: A Case Study in the City of Kaya, Burkina FasoReport as inadecuate




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In this study, a stratified survey samplingwas used in order to broaden our knowledge on the management systems of householdwaste in the town of Kaya-Burkina Faso. Population study consists of householdsof the town of Kaya. The sample size was fist determined using the sample size calculationformula. Then four 04 strata comprising the town of Kaya sectors that have a Healthand Social Promotion Center HSPC have been considered. A random household selectionmethod, used inside each stratum and a number of 468 households representative ofthe town’s population, was surveyed. We have addressed all solid and liquid wastemanagement strategies in those four strata. For each stratum, waste disposal infrastructure,its management in the households and its impacts on the town’s environment and populations’health were screened. Data collected are presented through descriptive statisticsin mean of tables and graphs. Frequently reported diseases in the four HSPCs havebeen correlated with waste management and disposal methods in the town. Poor handling,evacuation and disposal of waste have numerous negatives impacts on the city’s environmentsuch as proliferation of mosquitoes and flies, bad odors, visual pollution. Thesenegatives impacts on the environment in turn have negatives impacts on the healthof the city residents. Malaria appears the most encountered disease followed byAcute Respiratory Infection and Diarrhea. Suggestions aimed at improving waste managementand the reduction of its deficiencies impacts on the health of the population hasbeen made.

KEYWORDS

Waste Management; Kaya; Environment; Mosquitoes; Sanitation; Malaria; Diarrhea

Cite this paper

P. Kafando, B. Segda, J. Nzihou and J. Koulidiati -Environmental Impacts of Waste Management Deficiencies and Health Issues: A Case Study in the City of Kaya, Burkina Faso,- Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1080-1087. doi: 10.4236-jep.2013.410124.





Author: Patricia Kafando, Bila Gérard Segda, Jean Fidèle Nzihou, Jean Koulidiati

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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