The Best Route Is Not Always the Easiest One: Spatial References in Heuristics of Route ChoiceReport as inadecuate




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In the presentstudy, we discovered a relationship between down-going and up-going routepreferences and selection of spatial reference. The participants were asked tochoose between a down-going route and an up-going route on a simplified map.When they were asked to select the better route Experiment 1, they preferredthe down-going route, although the two routes were the same shape and distance.However, when the participants were asked to select the route that seemedeasier to remember and find, they favored up-going routes Experiment 2. Wesuggested that the contrary route preferences were caused by differentselections of spatial references. That is, the first instruction directedparticipants’ attention to the configurational layout of the maps i.e.,promoted the allocentric reference and induced the down-going routepreference, whereas the later instruction promoted egocentric navigatingstrategies and induced the up-going route preferences. Furthermore, we askedthe participants to learn a down-going and an up-going route, then examinedtheir wayfinding and spatial memory performance Experiment 3. Theparticipants found the goals more quickly when up-going routes were used, butremembered the locations of landmarks more accurately when down-going routeswere used.

KEYWORDS

Route Choice; Spatial Reference; Allocentric Reference; Egocentric Reference; Geographic Reference; Sense of Direction

Cite this paper

Wen, W. & Kawabata, H. 2013. The Best Route Is Not Always the Easiest One: Spatial References in Heuristics of Route Choice. Psychology, 4, 704-710. doi: 10.4236-psych.2013.49100.





Author: Wen Wen, Hideaki Kawabata

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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