Autologous HIV-1 Clade-B Nef Peptides Elicit Increased Frequency, Breadth and Function of CD8 T-Cells Compared to Consensus PeptidesReport as inadecuate




Autologous HIV-1 Clade-B Nef Peptides Elicit Increased Frequency, Breadth and Function of CD8 T-Cells Compared to Consensus Peptides - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Objective

To determine the function and phenotype of CD8+ T-cells targeting consensus and autologous sequences of entire HIV-1 Nef protein.

Methods

Multiparameter flow cytometry-based analysis was used to evaluate the responses of two treatment naïve HIV-infected individuals, during primary and the chronic phases of infection.

Results

A greater breadth and magnitude of CD8 IFN-γ responses to autologous compared to clade-B consensus peptides was observed in both subjects. Cross recognition between autologous and consensus peptides decreased in both subjects during progression from primary to chronic infection. The frequencies of TEMRA and TEM CD8+ T-cells targeting autologous peptides were higher than those targeting consensus peptides and were more polyfunctional IFN-γ+ Gr-B+ CD107a+.

Conclusions

Our data indicate superior sensitivity and specificity of autologous peptides. The functional and maturational aspects of -real- versus -cross-recognized- responses were also found to differ, highlighting the importance of a sequence-specific approach towards understanding HIV immune response.



Author: Mehrnoosh Doroudchi, Oleg Yegorov, Tom Baumgartner, Anne-Elen Kernaleguen, Gaelle Breton, Michel L. Ndongala, Mohamed-Rachid Boul

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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