Aetiology and Demographic Attributes of Common Pleural Collections in an African PopulationReport as inadecuate




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Background: Fluids collect in the pleuralspace under different conditions and they are of different types. Detailedstudy of demographic attributes and aetiology of pleural collections has notbeen well reported in Africa. Aims and Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the demographic attributes andaetiology of common pleural space fluid collections. Methods: Thesample population consisted of referrals received via clinics, admissionthrough the emergency centre and wards. We noted their biodata, hospitalidentification numbers, ages and gender and other relevant parameters. Dataanalysis was done with special interest in gender-based diseases like ovariancarcinoma prostatic carcinoma and the like. Results: There were 372 patients over a 55-month period. The M:F ratio was 1:1approximately. The combined mean age was 37.8 ± 0.92 years at 95%confidence interval. Their distribution was negatively skewed and it wasleptokurtic. The age bracket of 20 - 49 had 65.6% of cases. There was gender baseddisparity in ages. Discussion: Malignant effusions constitutedmajority of sample size and the right side was consistently affected more oftenthan the left side. Conclusion: Advanced malignancies are thecommonest causes of pleural effusion. There is ongoing epidemiologic transitionof diseases as the burden of non-communicable diseases is now juxtaposed withthat of communicable diseases in Africa.

KEYWORDS

Pleural; Effusion-Collection; Africa

Cite this paper

E. Ogunleye, M. Thomas and O. Olusoji -Aetiology and Demographic Attributes of Common Pleural Collections in an African Population,- Surgical Science, Vol. 4 No. 7, 2013, pp. 332-338. doi: 10.4236-ss.2013.47066.





Author: Ezekiel O. Ogunleye, Martins O. Thomas, Olugbenga O. Olusoji

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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