The Chemokine Receptor CCR5, a Therapeutic Target for HIV-AIDS Antagonists, Is Critical for Recovery in a Mouse Model of Japanese EncephalitisReport as inadecuate




The Chemokine Receptor CCR5, a Therapeutic Target for HIV-AIDS Antagonists, Is Critical for Recovery in a Mouse Model of Japanese Encephalitis - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Japanese encephalitis is a severe central nervous system CNS inflammatory disease caused by the mosquito-borne flavivirus, Japanese encephalitis virus JEV. In the current study we have investigated the immune responses against JEV in mice lacking expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5, which functions in activation and chemotaxis of leukocytes during infection. We show that CCR5 serves as a host antiviral factor against Japanese encephalitis, with CCR5 deficiency markedly increasing mortality, and viral burden in the CNS. Humoral immune responses, which are essential in recovery from JEV infection, were of similar magnitude in CCR5 sufficient and deficient mice. However, absence of CCR5 resulted in a multifaceted deficiency of cellular immune responses characterized by reduced natural killer and CD8+ T cell activity, low splenic cellularity, and impaired trafficking of leukocytes to the brain. Interestingly, adoptive transfer of immune spleen cells, depleted of B lymphocytes, increased resistance of CCR5-deficient recipient mice against JEV regardless of whether the cells were obtained from CCR5-deficient or wild-type donor mice, and only when transferred at one but not at three days post-challenge. This result is consistent with a mechanism by which CCR5 expression enhances lymphocyte activation and thereby promotes host survival in Japanese encephalitis.



Author: Maximilian Larena, Matthias Regner, Mario Lobigs

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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