Relevance of Brain Lesion Location to Cognition in Relapsing Multiple SclerosisReport as inadecuate




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Objective

To assess the relationship between cognition and brain white matter WM lesion distribution and frequency in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis RR MS.

Methods

MRI-based T2 lesion probability map LPM was used to assess the relevance of brain lesion location for cognitive impairment in a group of 142 consecutive patients with RRMS. Significance of voxelwise analyses was p<0.05, cluster-corrected for multiple comparisons. The Rao Brief Repeatable Battery was administered at the time of brain MRI to categorize the MS population into cognitively preserved CP and cognitively impaired CI.

Results

Out of 142 RRMS, 106 were classified as CP and 36 as CI. Although the CI group had greater WM lesion volume than the CP group p = 0.001, T2 lesions tended to be less widespread across the WM. The peak of lesion frequency was almost twice higher in CI 61% in the forceps major than in CP patients 37% in the posterior corona radiata. The voxelwise analysis confirmed that lesion frequency was higher in CI than in CP patients with significant bilateral clusters in the forceps major and in the splenium of the corpus callosum p<0.05, corrected. Low scores of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test correlated with higher lesion frequency in these WM regions.

Conclusions

Overall these results suggest that in MS patients, areas relevant for cognition lie mostly in the commissural fiber tracts. This supports the notion of a functional multiple disconnection between grey matter structures, secondary to damage located in specific WM areas, as one of the most important mechanisms leading to cognitive impairment in MS.



Author: Francesca Rossi, Antonio Giorgio, Marco Battaglini, Maria Laura Stromillo, Emilio Portaccio, Benedetta Goretti, Antonio Federico,

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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