Mitochondrial Reactive Oxygen Species Modulate Mosquito Susceptibility to Plasmodium InfectionReport as inadecuate




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Background

Mitochondria perform multiple roles in cell biology, acting as the site of aerobic energy-transducing pathways and as an important source of reactive oxygen species ROS that modulate redox metabolism.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We demonstrate that a novel member of the mitochondrial transporter protein family, Anopheles gambiae mitochondrial carrier 1 AgMC1, is required to maintain mitochondrial membrane potential in mosquito midgut cells and modulates epithelial responses to Plasmodium infection. AgMC1 silencing reduces mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in increased proton-leak and uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation. These metabolic changes reduce midgut ROS generation and increase A. gambiae susceptibility to Plasmodium infection.

Conclusion

We provide direct experimental evidence indicating that ROS derived from mitochondria can modulate mosquito epithelial responses to Plasmodium infection.



Author: Renata L. S. Gonçalves , Jose Henrique M. Oliveira , Giselle A. Oliveira, John F. Andersen, Marcus F. Oliveira, Pedro L. Oliveir

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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