Electrophysiological Correlates of Binocular Stereo Depth without Binocular DisparitiesReport as inadecuate




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A small region of background presented to only one eye in an otherwise binocular display may, under certain conditions, be resolved in the visual system by interpreting the region as a small gap between two similar objects placed at different depths, with the gap hidden in one eye by parallax. This has been called monocular gap stereopsis. We investigated the electrophysiological correlate of this type of stereopsis by means of sum potential recordings in 12 observers, comparing VEP-s for this stimulus -Gillam Stereo-, Author BG has strong reservations about this term with those for similar stimuli containing disparity based depth and with no depth flat. In addition we included several control stimuli. The results show a pronounced early negative potential at a latency of around 170 ms N170 for all stimuli containing non- identical elements, be they a difference caused by binocular disparity or by completely unmatched monocular contours. A second negative potential with latency around 270 ms N270, on the other hand, is present only with stimuli leading to fusion and the perception of depth. This second component is similar for disparity-based stereopsis and monocular gap, or -Gillam Stereo- although slightly more pronounced for the former. We conjecture that the first component is related to the detection of differences between the images of the two eyes that may then either be fused, leading to stereopsis and the corresponding second potential, or else to inhibition and rivalry without a later trace in the VEP. The finding that that -Gillam Stereo- leads to cortical responses at the same short latencies as disparity based stereopsis indicates that it may partly rely on quite early cortical mechanisms.



Author: Karoline Spang , Barbara Gillam, Manfred Fahle

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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