Prenatal Famine and Genetic Variation Are Independently and Additively Associated with DNA Methylation at Regulatory Loci within IGF2-H19Report as inadecuate




Prenatal Famine and Genetic Variation Are Independently and Additively Associated with DNA Methylation at Regulatory Loci within IGF2-H19 - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Both the early environment and genetic variation may affect DNA methylation, which is one of the major molecular marks of the epigenome. The combined effect of these factors on a well-defined locus has not been studied to date. We evaluated the association of periconceptional exposure to the Dutch Famine of 1944–45, as an example of an early environmental exposure, and single nucleotide polymorphisms covering the genetic variation tagging SNPs with DNA methylation at the imprinted IGF2-H19 region, a model for an epigenetically regulated genomic region. DNA methylation was measured at five differentially methylated regions DMRs that regulate the imprinted status of the IGF2-H19 region. Small but consistent differences in DNA methylation were observed comparing 60 individuals with periconceptional famine exposure with unexposed same-sex siblings at all IGF2 DMRs PBH<0.05 after adjustment for multiple testing, but not at the H19 DMR. IGF2 DMR0 methylation was associated with IGF2 SNP rs2239681 PBH = 0.027 and INS promoter methylation with INS SNPs, including rs689, which tags the INS VNTR, suggesting a mechanism for the reported effect of the VNTR on INS expression PBH = 3.4×10−3. Prenatal famine and genetic variation showed similar associations with IGF2-H19 methylation and their contributions were additive. They were small in absolute terms <3%, but on average 0.5 standard deviations relative to the variation in the population. Our analyses suggest that environmental and genetic factors could have independent and additive similarly sized effects on DNA methylation at the same regulatory site.



Author: Elmar W. Tobi, P. Eline Slagboom, Jenny van Dongen, Dennis Kremer, Aryeh D. Stein, Hein Putter, Bastiaan T. Heijmans , L. H. Lume

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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