Shift of Circadian Feeding Pattern by High-Fat Diets Is Coincident with Reward Deficits in Obese MiceReport as inadecuate




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Recent studies provide evidence that high-fat diets HF trigger both i a deficit of reward responses linked to a decrease of mesolimbic dopaminergic activity, and ii a disorganization of circadian feeding behavior that switch from a structured meal-based schedule to a continuous snacking, even during periods normally devoted to rest. This feeding pattern has been shown to be a cause of HF-induced overweight and obesity. Our hypothesis deals with the eventual link between the rewarding properties of food and the circadian distribution of meals. We have investigated the effect of circadian feeding pattern on reward circuits by means of the conditioned-place preference CPP paradigm and we have characterized the rewarding properties of natural food and artificial cocaine reinforcers both in free-feeding ad libitum HF mice and in HF animals submitted to a re-organized feeding schedule based on the standard feeding behavior displayed by mice feeding normal chow -forced synchronization-. We demonstrate that i ad libitum HF diet attenuates cocaine and food reward in the CPP protocol, and ii forced synchronization of feeding prevents this reward deficit. Our study provides further evidence that the rewarding impact of food with low palatability is diminished in mice exposed to a high-fat diet and strongly suggest that the decreased sensitivity to chow as a positive reinforcer triggers a disorganized feeding pattern which might account for metabolic disorders leading to obesity.



Author: Lidia Morales , Nuria Del Olmo , Ismael Valladolid-Acebes, Alberto Fole, Victoria Cano, Beatriz Merino, Paula Stucchi, Daniela Ru

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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