Zebrafish Chemical Screening Reveals the Impairment of Dopaminergic Neuronal Survival by Cardiac GlycosidesReport as inadecuate




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Parkinson-s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the prominent degeneration of dopaminergic DA neurons among other cell types. Here we report a first chemical screen of over 5,000 compounds in zebrafish, aimed at identifying small molecule modulators of DA neuron development or survival. We find that Neriifolin, a member of the cardiac glycoside family of compounds, impairs survival but not differentiation of both zebrafish and mammalian DA neurons. Cardiac glycosides are inhibitors of Na+-K+ ATPase activity and widely used for treating heart disorders. Our data suggest that Neriifolin impairs DA neuronal survival by targeting the neuronal enriched Na+-K+ ATPase α3 subunit ATP1A3. Modulation of ionic homeostasis, knockdown of p53, or treatment with antioxidants protects DA neurons from Neriifolin-induced death. These results reveal a previously unknown effect of cardiac glycosides on DA neuronal survival and suggest that it is mediated through ATP1A3 inhibition, oxidative stress, and p53. They also elucidate potential approaches for counteracting the neurotoxicity of this valuable class of medications.



Author: Yaping Sun, Zhiqiang Dong, Hadie Khodabakhsh, Sandip Chatterjee, Su Guo

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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