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Collegium antropologicum, Vol.34 No.1 March 2010. -

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia JMML is a rare clonal myeloproliferative disorder affecting young children. The natural course of JMML is rapidly fatal with 80% of patients surviving less than three years. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation HSCT is the only curative treatment of JMML. We report a case of a 23-month-old girl who presented with an upper respiratory tract infection, fever, rash, diarrhea, hepatosplenomegaly and abdominal distention. Severe elevation of white blood cell count with monocytosis and myeloid progenitors in the peripheral blood was also detected. Bone marrow smear showed morphology suggestive of JMML, an unspecific immune phenotype and a normal karyotype. DNA analysis revealed a mutation in the PTPN11 gene. Therefore, the final diagnosis of JMML with somatic PTPN11 mutation was established. Following three months of cytostatic therapy with 6-mercaptopurine and low doses of cytarabine partial remission was achieved and allogeneic HSCT was successfully performed. Six months after the diagnosis, the girl was in a good condition and in a complete remission of JMML. Early diagnosis and allogeneic HSCT were crucial for successful treatment outcome.

juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia; JMML; PTPN11 gene mutation



Author: Gordana Jakovljević - ; Department of Hematology and Oncology, Pediatric Clinic, Children’s Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia I

Source: http://hrcak.srce.hr/



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