A Cohort Study of Lymphatic Filariasis on Socio Economic Conditions in Andhra Pradesh, IndiaReport as inadecuate




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Background

To assess the impact of socioeconomic variables on lymphatic filariasis in endemic villages of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Methods

A pilot scale study was conducted in 30 villages of Karimnagar district from 2004 to 2007. These villages were selected based on previous reports from department of health, Government of Andhra Pradesh, epidemiology, entomology and socioeconomic survey was conducted as per protocol. Collected data were analysed statistically by Chi square test, Principal Component Analysis, Odds ratio, Bivariate, multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results

Total of 5,394 blood samples collected and screened for microfilaria, out of which 199 were found to be positive 3.7%. The socioeconomic data of these respondents-participants were correlated with MF prevalence. The socioeconomic variables like educational status Odds Ratio OR = 2.6, 95% Confidence Interval CI = 1.1–6.5, house structure hut OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.2–3.1; tiled OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 0.8–2 and participation in mass drug administration program OR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.3–2.6 were found to be highly associated with the occurrence of filarial disease. The socioeconomic index was categorized into low 3.6%; OR-1.1, 95% CI: 0.7–1.5 medium 4.9%; OR-1.5, 95% CI = 1–2.1 and high 3.3% in relation to percentage of filarial parasite prevalence. A significant difference was observed among these three groups while comparing the number of cases of filaria with the type of socioeconomic conditions of the respondents P = 0.067.

Conclusions

From this study it is inferred that age, education of family, type of house structure and awareness about the filarial disease directly influenced the disease prevalence. Beside annual mass drug administration program, such type of analysis should be undertaken by health officials to target a few socioeconomic factors to reduce the disease burden. Health education campaigns in the endemic villages and imparting of protection measures against mosquitoes using insecticide treated bed nets would substantially reduce the disease in these villages.



Author: Suryanaryana Murty Upadhyayula , Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Madhusudhan Rao Kadiri, Sriram Kumaraswamy, Balakrishna Nagalla

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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