Llama Antibody Fragments Recognizing Various Epitopes of the CD4bs Neutralize a Broad Range of HIV-1 Subtypes A, B and CReport as inadecuate




Llama Antibody Fragments Recognizing Various Epitopes of the CD4bs Neutralize a Broad Range of HIV-1 Subtypes A, B and C - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Many of the neutralising antibodies, isolated to date, display limited activities against the globally most prevalent HIV-1 subtypes A and C. Therefore, those subtypes are considered to be an important target for antibody-based therapy. Variable domains of llama heavy chain antibodies VHH have some superior properties compared with classical antibodies. Therefore we describe the application of trimeric forms of envelope proteins Env, derived from HIV-1 of subtype A and B-C, for a prolonged immunization of two llamas. A panel of VHH, which interfere with CD4 binding to HIV-1 Env were selected with use of panning. The results of binding and competition assays to various Env, including a variant with a stabilized CD4-binding state gp120Ds2, cross-competition experiments, maturation analysis and neutralisation assays, enabled us to classify the selected VHH into three groups. The VHH of group I were efficient mainly against viruses of subtype A, C and B′-C. The VHH of group II resemble the broadly neutralising antibody bnmAb b12, neutralizing mainly subtype B and C viruses, however some had a broader neutralisation profile. A representative of the third group, 2E7, had an even higher neutralization breadth, neutralizing 21 out of the 26 tested strains belonging to the A, A-G, B, B-C and C subtypes. To evaluate the contribution of certain amino acids to the potency of the VHH a small set of the mutants were constructed. Surprisingly this yielded one mutant with slightly improved neutralisation potency against 92UG37.A9 subtype A and 96ZM651.02 subtype C. These findings and the well-known stability of VHH indicate the potential application of these VHH as anti-HIV-1 microbicides.



Author: Nika Strokappe , Agnieszka Szynol , Marlèn Aasa-Chapman, Andrea Gorlani, Anna Forsman Quigley, David Lutje Hulsik, Lei Chen, Rob

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents