Is happiness different from flourishing Cross-country evidence from the ESSReport as inadecuate




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1 PSE - Paris School of Economics 2 PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques 3 IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor 4 UP4 - Université Paris-Sorbonne

Abstract : This paper appeals to novel survey information on over 30 000 individuals in 21 European countries to address an important and controversial question with respect to well-being: Do cognitive, hedonic and eudaimonic measures of well-being reflect very different aspects of individual quality of life? Or, more precisely, do the subjective appreciation of these dimensions by individuals exhibit different patterns? Our empirical results first reveal a very significant correlation between the measures of happiness and life satisfaction. Second, someone with high -hedonic- well-being happiness or life satisfaction is likely to have high eudaimonic well-being as well flourishing, vitality, resilience and functioning. In addition, the factors that are correlated with the different measures of well-being seem to be very similar at the individual level. For example, marriage, higher income and greater education are associated with greater satisfaction, but also with higher levels of flourishing, vitality, resilience and functioning. This fit is not perfect, however, and men notably report lower levels of hedonic well-being but higher eudaimonic well-being.

Résumé : Il a souvent été reproché aux mesures subjectives du bonheur de privilégier une approche hédonique de l-existence, au détriment d-autres aspects essentiels de la vie humaine tels que l-épanouissement personnel, la signification de la vie, l-espace de choix et les opportunités ouvertes aux individus. Cet article compare différentes mesures de bien-être subjectif contenues dans une enquête auprès de 30 000 individus résidents dans 21 pays européens European Social Survey afin de vérifier la congruence entre les aspects hédoniques, eudaimoniques, cognitifs et émotionnels du bien-être. De fait, les mesures de bonheur, de satisfaction, de vitalité, de résilience, d-épanouissement et de capacité à fonctionner sont très fortement corrélées au niveau individuel. De plus, les mêmes facteurs expliquent ces différents aspects du bien-être. Cependant, la congruence n-est pas parfaite : ainsi les hommes se déclarent-ils en moyenne moins heureux mais plus satisfaits de leur vie et font-ils preuve d-un niveau d-épanouissement plus élevé que les femmes.

Keywords : happiness life satisfaction eudaimonia European Social Survey





Author: Andrew E. Clark - Claudia Senik -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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