Increased Renal Methylglyoxal Formation with Down-Regulation of PGC-1α-FBPase Pathway in Cystathionine γ-Lyase Knockout MiceReport as inadecuate




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We have previously reported that hydrogen sulfide H2S, a gasotransmitter and vasodilator has cytoprotective properties against methylglyoxal MG, a reactive glucose metabolite associated with diabetes and hypertension. Recently, H2S was shown to up-regulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator PGC-1α, a key gluconeogenic regulator that enhances the gene expression of the rate-limiting gluconeogenic enzyme, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase FBPase. Thus, we sought to determine whether MG levels and gluconeogenic enzymes are altered in kidneys of 6–22 week-old cystathionine γ-lyase knockout CSE-; H2S-producing enzyme male mice. MG levels were determined by HPLC. Plasma glucose levels were measured by an assay kit. Q-PCR was used to measure mRNA levels of PGC-1α and FBPase-1 and -2. Coupled-enzymatic assays were used to determine FBPase activity, or triosephosphate levels. Experimental controls were either age-matched wild type mice or untreated rat A-10 cells. Interestingly, we observed a significant decrease in plasma glucose levels along with a significant increase in plasma MG levels in all three age groups 6–8, 14–16, and 20–22 week-old of the CSE- mice. Indeed, renal MG and triosephosphates were increased, whereas renal FBPase activity, along with its mRNA levels, were decreased in the CSE- mice. The decreased FBPase activity was accompanied by lower levels of its product, fructose-6-phosphate, and higher levels of its substrate, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate in renal extracts from the CSE- mice. In agreement, PGC-1α mRNA levels were also significantly down-regulated in 6-22 week-old CSE- mice. Furthermore, FBPase-1 and -2 mRNA levels were reduced in aorta tissues from CSE- mice. Administration of NaHS, a H2S donor, increased the gene expression of PGC-1α and FBPase-1 and -2 in cultured rat A-10 cells. In conclusion, overproduction of MG in CSE- mice is due to a H2S-mediated down-regulation of the PGC-1α-FBPase pathway, further suggesting the important role of H2S in the regulation of glucose metabolism and MG generation.



Author: Ashley A. Untereiner, Arti Dhar, Jianghai Liu, Lingyun Wu

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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