Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 Levels Are Closely Associated with Hepatic Fat Content: A Cross-Sectional StudyReport as inadecuate




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Background and Aims

Fibroblasts growth factor 21 FGF21, a liver-secreted endocrine factor involved in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism, has been shown to be elevated in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD. This study aimed to evaluate the quantitative correlation between serum FGF21 level and hepatic fat content.

Methods

A total of 138 subjects 72 male and 66 female aged from 18 to 65 years with abnormal glucose metabolism and B-ultrasonography diagnosed fatty liver were enrolled in the study. Serum FGF21 levels were determined by an in-house chemiluminescence immunoassay and hepatic fat contents were measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Results

Serum FGF21 increased progressively with the increase of hepatic fat content, but when hepatic fat content increased to the fourth quartile, FGF21 tended to decline. Serum FGF21 concentrations were positively correlated with hepatic fat content especially in subjects with mild-moderate hepatic steatosis r = 0.276, p = 0.009. Within the range of hepatic steatosis from the first to third quartile, FGF21 was superior to any other traditional clinical markers including ALT to reflect hepatic fat content. When the patients with severe hepatic steatosis the fourth quartile were included, the quantitative correlation between FGF21 and hepatic fat content was weakened.

Conclusions

Serum FGF21 was a potential biomarker to reflect the hepatic fat content in patients with mild or moderate NAFLD. In severe NAFLD patients, FGF21 concentration might decrease due to liver inflammation or injury.



Author: Hongmei Yan, Mingfeng Xia, Xinxia Chang, Qiong Xu, Hua Bian, Mengsu Zeng, Shengxiang Rao, Xiuzhong Yao, Yinfang Tu, Weiping Jia,

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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