Cucurbit Host Range of Myrothecium roridum Isolated from WatermelonReport as inadecuate




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In 2010, a foliar and stem-lesion disease that produced moderate to severe defoliation of watermelon was observed in the southern Great Plains. The disease was ultimately determined to be caused by Myrothecium roridum. The objective of this study was to compare the susceptibility of the vegetation and fruit of a broad range of commercially important cucurbits to three isolates obtained from these foliar lesions on watermelon. In greenhouse foliar inoculation experiments, cantaloupe, honeydew, cucumber, squash, and watermelon were susceptible to the fungus with cantaloupe and honeydew being the most susceptible and watermelon the most resistant. Furthermore, greenhouse inoculations supported earlier field observations as differential resistance was exhibited among the watermelon cultivars as well as the cucurbit types. All tested cucurbit fruit exhibited interior lesions when inoculated sub-epidermally with M. roridum isolates. However, natural infection of watermelon and pumpkin fruit has never been reported.

KEYWORDS

Myrothecium roridum; Watermelon; Leaf and Stem Blight; Cucurbits

Cite this paper

W. W. Fish, B. D. Bruton and T. W. Popham -Cucurbit Host Range of Myrothecium roridum Isolated from Watermelon,- American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 353-359. doi: 10.4236-ajps.2012.33042.





Author: Wayne W. Fish, Benny D. Bruton, Thomas W. Popham

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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