Lack of Evidence for the Direct Activation of Endothelial Cells by Adult Female and Microfilarial Excretory-Secretory ProductsReport as inadecuate




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Lymphangiectasia dilation of the lymphatic vessel LV is pathognomonic for lymphatic filariasis. In both infected humans and animal models of infection, lymphangiectasia is not restricted to the site of the worm nest, but is found along the infected vessel. These observations argue that soluble products secreted by the worm could be mediating this effect by activating the lymphatic endothelial cells LEC lining the vessel. We tested the ability of filarial Excretory-Secretory products to activate LECs, but were unable to detect a direct effect of the Excretory-Secretory products on the activation of LEC as assessed by a variety of approaches including cellular proliferation, cell surface molecule expression and cytokine and growth factor production although other mediators used as positive controls did induce these effects. Collectively, these results do not support the hypothesis that Excretory-Secretory products directly activate LECs.



Author: Tiffany Weinkopff , Patrick Lammie

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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