Potential Economic Viability of Two Proposed Rifapentine-Based Regimens for Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis InfectionReport as inadecuate




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Rationale

Rifapentine-based regimens for treating latent tuberculosis infection LTBI are being considered for future clinical trials, but even if they prove effective, high drug costs may limit their economic viability.

Objectives

To inform clinical trial design by estimating the potential costs and effectiveness of rifapentine-based regimens for treatment of latent tuberculosis infection LTBI.

Methods

We used a Markov model to estimate cost and societal benefits for three regimens for treating LTBI: Isoniazid-rifapentine daily for one month, isoniazid-rifapentine weekly for three months self-administered and directly-observed, and isoniazid daily for nine months; a strategy of -no treatment- used for comparison. Costs, quality-adjusted life-years gained, and instances of active tuberculosis averted were calculated for all arms.

Results

Both daily isoniazid-rifapentine for one month and weekly isoniazid-rifapentine for three months were less expensive and more effective than other strategies under a wide variety of clinically plausibly parameter estimates. Daily isoniazid-rifapentine for one month was the least expensive and most effective regimen.

Conclusions

Daily isoniazid-rifapentine for one month and weekly isoniazid-rifapentine for three months should be studied in a large-scale clinical trial for efficacy. Because both regimens performed well even if their efficacy is somewhat reduced, study designers should consider relaxing non-inferiority boundaries.



Author: David P. Holland , Gillian D. Sanders, Carol D. Hamilton, Jason E. Stout

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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