Recipient Outcomes after ABO-Incompatible Liver Transplantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisReport as inadecuate




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Background

ABO-incompatible live transplantation ILT is not occasionally performed due to a relative high risk of graft failure. Knowledge of both graft and patient survival rate after ILT is essential for donor selection and therapeutic strategy. We systematically reviewed studies containing outcomes after ILT compared to that after ABO-compatible liver transplantation CLT.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We carried out a comprehensive search strategy on MEDLINE 1966–July 2010, EMBASE 1980–July 2010, Biosis Preview 1969–July 2010, Science Citation Index 1981–July 2010, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Cochrane Library, issue 7, 2010 and the National Institute of Health July 2010. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of each study and abstracted outcome data. Fourteen eligible studies were included which came from various medical centers all over the world. Meta-analysis results showed that no significantly statistical difference was found in pediatric graft survival rate, pediatric and adult patient survival rate between ILT and CLT group. In adult subgroup, the graft survival rate after ILT was significantly lower than that after CLT. The value of totally pooled OR was 0.64 0.55, 0.74, 0.92 0.62, 1.38 for graft survival rate and patient survival rate respectively. The whole complication incidence including acute rejection and biliary complication after ILT was higher than that after CLT, as the value of totally pooled OR was 3.02 1.33, 6.85. Similarly, in acute rejection subgroup, the value of OR was 2.02 1.01, 4.02. However, it was 4.08 0.90, 18.51 in biliary complication subgroup.

Conclusions-Significance

In our view, pediatric ILT has not been a contraindication anymore due to a similar graft and patient survival rate between ILT and CLT group. Though adult graft survival rate is not so satisfactory, ILT is undoubtedly life-saving under exigent condition. Most studies included in our analysis are observational researches. Larger scale of researches and Randomized-Control Studies are still needed.



Author: Jian Wu, SunYi Ye, XiaoFeng Xu, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, ShuSen Zheng

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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