Analysis of Kinase Gene Expression Patterns across 5681 Human Tissue Samples Reveals Functional Genomic Taxonomy of the KinomeReport as inadecuate




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Kinases play key roles in cell signaling and represent major targets for drug development, but the regulation of their activation and their associations with health and disease have not been systematically analyzed. Here, we carried out a bioinformatic analysis of the expression levels of 459 human kinase genes in 5681 samples consisting of 44 healthy and 55 malignant human tissues. Defining the tissues where the kinase genes were transcriptionally active led to a functional genomic taxonomy of the kinome and a classification of human tissues and disease types based on the similarity of their kinome gene expression. The co-expression network around each of the kinase genes was defined in order to determine the functional context, i.e. the biological processes that were active in the cells and tissues where the kinase gene was expressed. Strong associations for individual kinases were found for mitosis 69 genes, including AURKA and BUB1, cell cycle control 73 genes, including PLK1 and AURKB, DNA repair 49 genes, including CHEK1 and ATR, immune response 72 genes, including MATK, neuronal 131 genes, including PRKCE and muscular 72 genes, including MYLK2 functions. We then analyzed which kinase genes gain or lose transcriptional activity in the development of prostate and lung cancers and elucidated the functional associations of individual cancer associated kinase genes. In summary, we report here a systematic classification of kinases based on the bioinformatic analysis of their expression in human tissues and diseases, as well as grouping of tissues and tumor types according to the similarity of their kinome transcription.



Author: Sami Kilpinen , Kalle Ojala, Olli Kallioniemi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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