Iterative Structure-Based Peptide-Like Inhibitor Design against the Botulinum Neurotoxin Serotype AReport as inadecuate




Iterative Structure-Based Peptide-Like Inhibitor Design against the Botulinum Neurotoxin Serotype A - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

The botulinum neurotoxin serotype A light chain BoNT-A LC protease is the catalytic component responsible for the neuroparalysis that is characteristic of the disease state botulism. Three related peptide-like molecules PLMs were designed using previous information from co-crystal structures, synthesized, and assayed for in vitro inhibition against BoNT-A LC. Our results indicate these PLMS are competitive inhibitors of the BoNT-A LC protease and their Ki values are in the nM-range. A co-crystal structure for one of these inhibitors was determined and reveals that the PLM, in accord with the goals of our design strategy, simultaneously involves both ionic interactions via its P1 residue and hydrophobic contacts by means of an aromatic group in the P2′ position. The PLM adopts a helical conformation similar to previously determined co-crystal structures of PLMs, although there are also major differences to these other structures such as contacts with specific BoNT-A LC residues. Our structure further demonstrates the remarkable plasticity of the substrate binding cleft of the BoNT-A LC protease and provides a paradigm for iterative structure-based design and development of BoNT-A LC inhibitors.



Author: Jorge E. Zuniga, Jared T. Hammill, Omri Drory, Jonathan E. Nuss, James C. Burnett, Rick Gussio, Peter Wipf , Sina Bavari, Axel T.

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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