Paired Hormone Response Elements Predict Caveolin-1 as a Glucocorticoid Target GeneReport as inadecuate




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Glucocorticoids act in part via glucocortocoid receptor binding to hormone response elements HREs, but their direct target genes in vivo are still largely unknown. We developed the criterion that genomic occurrence of paired HREs at an inter-HRE distance less than 200 bp predicts hormone responsiveness, based on synergy of multiple HREs, and HRE information from known target genes. This criterion predicts a substantial number of novel responsive genes, when applied to genomic regions 10 kb upstream of genes. Multiple-tissue in situ hybridization showed that mRNA expression of 6 out of 10 selected genes was induced in a tissue-specific manner in mice treated with a single dose of corticosterone, with the spleen being the most responsive organ. Caveolin-1 was strongly responsive in several organs, and the HRE pair in its upstream region showed increased occupancy by glucocorticoid receptor in response to corticosterone. Our approach allowed for discovery of novel tissue specific glucocorticoid target genes, which may exemplify responses underlying the permissive actions of glucocorticoids.



Author: Marinus F. van Batenburg , Hualing Li , J. Annelies Polman, Servane Lachize, Nicole A. Datson, Harmen J. Bussemaker, Onno C. Meij

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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