Fabrication and Characterization of Pulp-Chitosan Composite Membranes Crosslinked with 3-Methylglutaric Anhydride for Pervaporation of Ethanol-Water MixtureReport as inadecuate




Fabrication and Characterization of Pulp-Chitosan Composite Membranes Crosslinked with 3-Methylglutaric Anhydride for Pervaporation of Ethanol-Water Mixture - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Chitosan-Cellulose CTS-CL composite membranes were prepared by cross-linking reaction with 3-methy- lglutaric anhydride 3MGA. The cross-linked membranes with CTS-CL were obtained at different CTS con- tents in variations from 50 to 100 wt%, and these membranes were applied in the dehydration of ethanol-wa- ter mixtures. Especially, it was observed that in the case of a composite membrane containing chitosan 80% CTS-CL-80-20 showed a performance with a separation factor of α = 17.1 and a total permeation flux of J = 326 g-m2h. It was observed that the total permeation flux decreased when the cross-linking increased and the increase in the ethanol content in the feed solution showed an increase in the separation factor. The CTS- CL-80-20 showed excellent performance with good mechanical strength and dehydration performance in the ethanol-water mixture separation.

KEYWORDS

Pervaporation, Chitosan, Cellulose, Contact Angle, Ethanol, Composite Membrane

Cite this paper

T. Trang, N. Nhung and T. Kobayashi -Fabrication and Characterization of Pulp-Chitosan Composite Membranes Crosslinked with 3-Methylglutaric Anhydride for Pervaporation of Ethanol-Water Mixture,- Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2011, pp. 110-118. doi: 10.4236-eng.2011.32014.





Author: Truong Thi Cam Trang, Nguyen Thi Nhung, Takaomi Kobayashi

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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