Thermodynamic and Dynamic of Chromium Biosorption by Pectic and Lignocellulocic BiowastesReport as inadecuate




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Orange peel OP and rice husk RH were tested as low-cost biosorbents for CrIII removal from aqueous solutions. Dynamics of the biosorption process indicated that intraparticle mass transfer represents the rate-limiting step in the system that attained equilibrium at 120 min. While the OP sorbent material was capable of taking up 39.11 mg CrIII-g at the optimum pH 4.4, RH immobilized 3.20 mg CrIII-g at the optimum pH 3.0. The fitting of different sorption isotherms models resulted in the best fit with the Langmuir isotherm model. The mean free energy of the metal sorption process was in the range of 8-16 kJ-M. Abiotic CrVI reduction was observed at various contact times and Cr-laden biomass was characterized by XPS, XAFS and EPR spectroscopy. These instrumental analyses confirmed that CrVI removed from the solution was reduced and bound to the biomass as CrIII. Results indicated that OP and RH materials are efficient biosorbents for eliminating Chromium from aqueous solutions.

KEYWORDS

Chromium, Adsorption, Orange Peel, Rice Husk

Cite this paper

L. Sala and J. González -Thermodynamic and Dynamic of Chromium Biosorption by Pectic and Lignocellulocic Biowastes,- Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 2 No. 10, 2010, pp. 888-897. doi: 10.4236-jwarp.2010.210106.





Author: Luis Sala, Juan González

Source: http://www.scirp.org/



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