UDP-N-Acetylglucosamine 2-Epimerase-N-Acetylmannosamine Kinase GNE Binds to Alpha-Actinin 1: Novel Pathways in Skeletal MuscleReport as inadecuate




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Background

Hereditary inclusion body myopathy HIBM is a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in GNE, the key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway of sialic acid. While the mechanism leading from GNE mutations to the HIBM phenotype is not yet understood, we searched for proteins potentially interacting with GNE, which could give some insights about novel putative biological functions of GNE in muscle.

Methodology-Principal Findings

We used a Surface Plasmon Resonance SPR-Biosensor based assay to search for potential GNE interactors in anion exchanged fractions of human skeletal muscle primary culture cell lysate. Analysis of the positive fractions by in vitro binding assay revealed α-actinin 1 as a potential interactor of GNE. The direct interaction of the two proteins was assessed in vitro by SPR-Biosensor based kinetics analysis and in a cellular environment by a co-immunoprecipitation assay in GNE overexpressing 293T cells. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry on stretched mouse muscle suggest that both GNE and α-actinin 1 localize to an overlapping but not identical region of the myofibrillar apparatus centered on the Z line.

Conclusions-Significance

The interaction of GNE with α-actinin 1 might point to its involvement in α-actinin mediated processes. In addition these studies illustrate for the first time the expression of the non-muscle form of α-actinin, α-actinin 1, in mature skeletal muscle tissue, opening novel avenues for its specific function in the sarcomere. Although no significant difference could be detected in the binding kinetics of α-actinin 1 with either wild type or mutant GNE in our SPR biosensor based analysis, further investigation is needed to determine whether and how the interaction of GNE with α-actinin 1 in skeletal muscle is relevant to the putative muscle-specific function of α-actinin 1, and to the muscle-restricted pathology of HIBM.



Author: Shira Amsili, Hagit Zer, Stephan Hinderlich, Sabine Krause, Michal Becker-Cohen, Daniel G. MacArthur, Kathryn N. North, Stella Mi

Source: http://plos.srce.hr/



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